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Mayan calendar dating system

The Maya calendar is actually a system of distinct calendars and almanacs used by the Maya civilization of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, and by some modern Maya communities in highland Guatemala.These calendars could be synchronised and interlocked in complex ways, their combinations giving rise to further, more extensive cycles.

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This is how long it takes for the Sun to return to any particular location in the sky once it's left that spot. Before 45 BC, citizens of the Roman empire counted the days with the Roman calendar.They are well known for their advances in astronomy, mathematics and writing.They are most known for their two calendars; one tracked the solar year and one tracked the sacred year of 260 days.By the Maya mythological tradition, as documented in Colonial Yucatec accounts and reconstructed from Late Classic and Postclassic inscriptions, the deity Itzamna is frequently credited with bringing the knowledge of the calendar system to the ancestral Maya, along with writing in general and other foundational aspects of Maya culture A different form of calendar was used to track longer periods of time, and for the inscription of calendar dates (i.e., identifying when one event occurred in relation to others).This form, known as the Long Count, is based upon the number of elapsed days since a mythical starting point, and was capable of being extended to refer to any date far into the future.The Solar Year is the calendar that most closely resembles our Gregorian calendar; The Tzolk'in calendar consisted of only 260 days and was used mostly for religious purposes.

These calendars came under great scrutiny in 2012 due in part to the media portrayal of an "apocalyptic" prediction.

After the arrival of day 13, denoted as Bén and aligned to the number 13, the days begin again with the 14th glyph, Ix’ and the number one.

The rotation through the series of the tones and glyphs in this manner results in 260 unique combinations of a day name and tone – hence the 260 day cycle.

It is useful to think of the Tzolk’in as two intermeshing gears, one inside the other, with the 13 numerals marked at intervals around the smaller gear set inside a larger one that is marked with day names denoted by glyphs.

If you arrange those gears together at the number one and the day name Imix', and then rotate them, continuing around to the number one and Imix' again, you will produce 260 combinations of unique days.

The Mayans, known for being one of the most technologically advanced civilizations of their time, inhabited the regions of Central America and southern Mexico.